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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-39

Post-traumatic stress disorder: Relationship to traumatic brain injury and approach to forensic psychiatry evaluation


1 Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China
2 Faculty of Forensic Medicine; Guangdong Province Translational Forensic Medicine Engineering Technology Research Center; Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hu Zhao
Faculty of Forensic Medicine, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, Guangdong
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfsm.jfsm_46_18

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has an important and complex relationship with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The prevalence of comorbid PTSD and TBI is increasing in both military and civilian populations. Moreover, TBI has emerged as an important risk factor for the development and manifestation of PTSD. Meanwhile, PTSD is also a significant mediator of the negative sequelae of TBI. PTSD and TBI, especially mild TBI (mTBI), have overlapping neural substrates and neuroanatomical functional features. Given that comorbid PTSD and TBI remain a challenge for forensic psychiatry evaluation, we review the relationship between the two disorders and discuss special considerations during evaluation of the condition.


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